Bart briefly mentions about when he wrote a song with "Michael Jackson" (Leon Kompowsky) called "Happy Birthday Lisa" from Stark Raving Dad, he also asks why Marge and Homer let him share a room with a crazy guy.
It is revealed that Hans Moleman was the mayor of Springfield 30 years ago.
Hashtags in the cellphone during the anthem presentation:
One of the posters at Big is Beautiful is a chopped up snake with the words "Put bread on me" written on it. This references the "Don't Tread on Me" image during the Revolutionary War that featured a snake cut up into 13 pieces.
The episode's plot could be based on fat acceptance groups who encourage pride in being overweight. Homer's quote about not buying into the lies taught by "big nutrition" is a reference to claims by groups like that that the diet industry forces others to conform to their standards of beauty. Albert saying they don't use the word fat is a reference that groups like that choose not be called fat but other synonyms instead.
The list of names Homer doesn't wish to be called anymore are chubby, chunky, blobbo, slobbo, Fat Bastard, Michelin Man, Stay Puft, Chumbawumba, It is Balloon!, Papa Grande, Augustus Gloop, beached whale, big boned, Wisconsin Skinny, butterball, dump truck, jelly belly, pudgy wudgy, lard ass, blubberino, Buddha belly, Hurry eat Tubman, one ton soup, Blob Saget, Chub hub, Calvin Cool whip, Manfred Mannboobs, 21 Lump Street, Walking 'Before' Picture, fatso, Harvey Milk Chocolate, Obese Want Cannoli, Mahatma Gumbo, Salvador Deli, Elmer Pantry, KFC and the Sponge Cake Band, Snackie Oneassis, The Foody Blues, Hoagie Carmichael and wide load.
Several references in the names are to Austin Powers, Michelin Man, Ghostbusters, Chumba Wumba, Papa Grande, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, Buddha, Harriet Tubman, Bob Saget, Calvin Coolidge, Manfred Mann, 21 Jump Street, Harvey Milk, Obi-Wan Kenobi, Mahatma Ghandi, Salvador Dali, KFC, KC and the Sunshine Band, Jackie Onassis, and the Moody Blues.