|The Heartbroke Kid||
- Spangler's car is a Volvo V70.
- The montage near the end of the first act spoofs Bart's shots in the show's opening; additionally, Barney appears in place of the now-deceased Bleeding Gums Murphy, in the same spot where Murphy appeared.
- One of the candies that Bart eats is named Cop Killaz.
- This episode reveals that Bart is allergic to cauliflower (adding to the other food allergies he has: shrimp, butterscotch, and imitation butterscotch; the only non-food allergy he has is glow-in-the-dark monster makeup).
- In the Itchy & Scratchy cartoon Kitty-Kill Condition, the medical questionnaire that Scratchy fills out asks "Have You Ever Been:" followed by a list of catastrophic events, all of which happened to Scratchy in previous Itchy & Scratchy episodes:
- Butter Off Dead - Churned into Butter
- What's Nuked, Pussycat? - Decapitated by a Windmill
- Skinless in Seattle - Impaled by the Space Needle
- Flay Me to the Moon - Squashed by the Moon
- The Buck Chops Here - Printed into Money
- Esophagus Now - Tricked into Eating Yourself
- Why Do Fools Fall in Lava? - Hung by Your Intestines
- Germs of Endearment - Impaled on a Cactus
- Bleeder of the Pack - Killed in a Plane Crash with Buddy Holly
- Bart is the second character to have a heart attack (as well as the first kid).
- This episode originally aired on the same day as the previous episode, Don't Fear the Roofer, which originally aired before this episode. This is the first time that two new episodes of the show aired on the same day.
- Bart makes a reference to the band Rage Against the Machine.
Previous Episode References
- The last time Homer attended fat camp was in The Way We Weren't.
- The last time Bart gained weight was in Hungry, Hungry Homer (when Marge forces the kids to eat Homer's weight in food now that he is on a hunger strike).
- The last episode that revolved around a Simpson gaining weight was King-Size Homer (in Bart's fantasy of being a lardo on workman's comp, just like Homer).
- The last time Groundskeeper Willie had Bart's skateboard was in Girly Edition.
- Bart's line "What doesn't kill me makes me stronger" was also said by Homer in "Homer's Triple Bypass" following one of several heart attacks. Dr. Hibbert quickly proved that statement to be false.
- Homer has a fantasy about a robotic Marge, a reference to "Gump Roast", where "Marge becomes a robot" is suggested as a future plotline.
- Homer's half-brother Herb Powell is mentioned in this episode, marking his only appearance or even mentioned since his starring roles in "Oh Brother, Where Art Thou?" and "Brother, Can You Spare Two Dimes?".
- The distance from Spangler's compound to the Simpson house is inconsistent. Earlier in the episode, it is only an hour drive. Later, as Homer and Tab are out on the highway, Tab wants to stop at a motel overnight. It could be that he was trying to hit on Homer.
- When Dr. Hibbert shows Bart's radiograph, there is a switch under the image, but when Marge points to Bart's liver and says that it looks healthy, the switch is missing from the plate. When Dr. Hibbert tells Homer and Marge that Bart has to follow a program of strict diet and exercise, the switch is back on the plate.
- The title of this episode is probably a spoof of the 1972 film The Heartbreak Kid starring Charles Grodin. It may also reference World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) Superstar Shawn Michaels whose nickname is "The Heartbreak Kid".
- The song Homer sings for change to the German students on vacation is "99 Luftballons" by Nena.
- The song played during Bart's junkfood binge is "Yummy Yummy Yummy" by The Ohio Express.
- The line "raged against the machine" is a reference to the political rap-rock band Rage Against the Machine.
- The Shawshank Redemption:
- Bart uses a poster of Krusty the Clown to conceal the junk food stash in his room. Andy DuFresne puts a poster of Rita Hayworth (later followed by Marilyn Monroe and Raquel Welch) on the wall of his cell to conceal his escape tunnel.
- Bart opens a package of candy, throws it in the air, and lets it fall down onto and around him, echoing the scene where Andy stands in the rain after his escape.
- Bart's candy-tossing scene could also be considered a reference to the scene in Pleasantville where David stands in the rain and transforms from black-and-white to color.
- Homer says (regarding the milkshakes from the festival), "They're melting", in a style reminiscent of The Wicked Witch of the West while dying in The Wizard of Oz.
- This episode's storyline is likely a satire of the real-world problem of vending machines in schools (which was briefly mentioned in the 2004 Morgan Spurlock film Super Size Me). In fact, some states have made it illegal for public schools to sell junk food to students during school hours.
- Marge suggests that the family "give those Germans das boot", a reference to the 1981 German film Das Boot.
- When the Simpsons kick out the German students, one of them says they will go to Disneyland to "heap the scorn on Goofy".