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Lisa Simpson

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Lisa Marie Simpson
Sex Female
Status Alive
Alias(es) Jake Boyman[1]
Truth Teller
Lady Penelope Ariel Ponyweather[2]
Hair Blonde (yellow)
Occupation Student at Springfield Elementary School, CTU Agent, Hall-monitor<

Former: Babysitter
Founder of SpringFace
Kids News anchor Future: President of the U.S.A (non-canon), Housewife (non-canon)

Relatives Father: Homer Simpson

Mother: Marge Simpson
Nephews (future): Bart's Elder Son and Bart's Younger Son
Brother: Bart Simpson and Hugo Simpson II (non-canon)
Sister: Maggie Simpson
Daughter (Future): Zia Simpson
Husband: Milhouse Van Houten and Nelson Muntz
Uncle: Herbert Powell
Aunts: Patty Bouvier, Selma Bouvier and Abbie Simpson
Cousins: Jessica Simpson and Ling Bouvier (adopted)
Grandfathers: Abraham Simpson and Clancy Bouvier
Grandmothers: Mona Simpson and Jacqueline Bouvier
See the Other relationships section for additional family members and relationships.

First Appearance Good Night
Voiced By Yeardley Smith
―Lisa's first word[src]
Trust in yourself and you can achieve anything.
―Lisa Simpson, via Lisa Lionheart[src]
Embrace nothingness.
―Lisa Simpson[src]
If anyone wants me, I'll be in my room.
―Lisa's catchphrase[src]
―Lisa's catchphrase
―Lisa's second word[src]
David Hasselhoff.
―Lisa's third word[src]
―Lisa's fourth word[src]
(To Bart) Having never received encouragement, I'm not sure how it should sound, but here goes: I believe in you.
―Lisa Simpson[src]

Lisa Marie Simpson (Born May 9th) is the tetartagonist of The Simpsons. She was named after a Train called Lil' Lisa in her parents's 1st Anniversary. She is also a charismatic 8-year-old girl, who exceeds the standard achievement of intelligence level of children her age. Not to everyone's surprise, she is also the moral center of her family. In her upbringing, Lisa lacks parental involvement of Homer and Marge, which leads to hobbies such as playing saxophone and guitar, riding and caring for horses, and interest in advanced studies. In school, Lisa's popularity is affected by those who view her as a geeky overachiever, which leaves her with only a few friends. She focuses on her goals and strives to reach her potential, and at the age of eight she is already a member of MENSA with an IQ of 159.


Lisa has yellow (white) skin, blue-grey or grey blue eyes and blonde triangular, spiky hair. She is usually seen wearing a strapless red dress with a zigzag hem, matching red strapped Mary Jane shoes, frilly white panties and a string of white pearls around her neck (given to her by Marge), though sometimes wears different outfits. She has had two different outfits for church and family outings: first a magenta long-sleeved dress with a ruffled collar and magenta pumps, then a baby pink short-sleeved tutu dress with a darker pink belt, a wide brimmed hat with the same colour scheme, and strapped pumps much like her usual ones. At night, she dresses in a turquoise nightgown with a frilly white collar and matching cuffs, as well as turquoise slippers. Lisa brings in a new outfit at least once every season. When Marge insisted on sending her to ballet, she wore a leotard and tutu in the same shade as her new church outfit, and pink ballet shoes. At her tap dancing lessons, she dressed in a magenta vest, pale pink tights, a violet tutu and black tap shoes. When she swims, she wears a magenta or red swimsuit.


Young Lisa

Young Lisa

Lisa is quite eclectic in her knowledge and is notably more concerned with world affairs and problems than her cohorts, which has led her to alienate herself from her peers. Lisa also deeply values her integrity, sometimes at the expense of others' needs and happiness, as demonstrated when she cheats on a test in The Wind in the Willows to attain her highest grade of A+++, but later admits her dishonesty to an unreceptive Principal Skinner despite the fact that such a grade allowed the school to gain the extra income it 'desperately' needs. (She later re-grades the test as an F.[3]) Also Lisa was willing to tell everyone about Bart faking his kidnapping attempt to go to a concert, despite the fact that absolutely everybody involved in the case was better off just because she could. Despite her intellect, Lisa has received detention, like her brother Bart, quite a number of times, often because of her rebellious and sometimes bitter attitude and anti-social behavior that is capable of deeply embarrassing authority figures. Although her rebellion against social norms is usually constructive, Lisa can be whiny, cruel and self-righteous at times. When she believes herself to be right she won't admit that others could be as well, and will often force her beliefs onto people. Notably, her increasing sense of moral righteousness regarding her vegetarianism leads her to proselytize, culminating in her spiteful disruption of a "meat-based" barbecue prepared by Homer (an act she comes to rue).[4] At times, Lisa appears to resist certain situations merely for the sake of resisting them, not because of any genuine ideological opposition. She appears to enjoy breaking the norm for its own sake; in one time, she triumphantly declares that she, a girl, would like to join the football team. When it is revealed that there are already girls on the team, she declares her distaste for a sport that would use a pig's skin to make its ball. When it is revealed that the ball is actually synthetic and the proceeds of buying it go in part to charity, she is at a loss for words and runs off visibly upset.[5] She also seems to dislike having her intellect challenged or criticized, which is evident on occasions such as when she was temporarily promoted to the third grade or when Miss Hoover gave her a B+ on her final grade for conduct and actually caused her physical harm because of it. Lisa's first word was Bart at age 2 years old. Despite her high IQ, cuteness and beauty, Lisa does have typical childhood issues, sometimes requiring adult intervention. She once tricked Homer into allowing her to ride the bus alone, only to become hopelessly lost. After his coworkers Lenny and Carl point out that he allowed his daughter to ride a bus by herself, Homer comes to her rescue.[6] Lisa has a Jewish imaginary friend named Rachel Cohen who "just got into Brandeis University." Even with a high intellect, Lisa displays more personality traits of an eight year old, including obsessing over getting a pony, being addicted to TV, and fighting with Bart. Lisa once got addicted to second hand smoke to maintain an impressive level of ballet competence; Homer tries to prevent the addiction unsuccessfully, and in the end Lisa overcomes the addiction herself through means of "Hello Kitty" nicotine patches.[7] She also displays a surprising amount of skill in driving, especially for her age, sometimes even taking the wheel whenever Homer ended up distracted from driving.[8] In "The Girl Who Slept Too Little", she struggled with nightmares after a cemetery was moved next to the Simpsons' house. She overcame her fear after spending a night in the cemetery and realized that it was acceptable to suffer from fear despite her intelligence. It was revealed in this episode that Lisa largely had to raise herself due to Homer and Marge dealing with Bart's antics thus ensuring a lack of nurturing for her. Lisa has been known in earlier seasons to have a bit of a sassy attitude. Like Bart and most siblings in families, Lisa has been known to tease Bart herself, examples such as; crushes Bart has developed, or advice on writing to someone (in this one case, his teacher), even just plain sassing him for attention. Deep down inside, Lisa loves her brother deeply.


It is mentioned that Lisa has an IQ of 159.[9] She is a high-ranking member of Mensa Springfield. Lisa demonstrates an early intelligence by changing her own diaper as an infant. When unable to attend school due to a teachers' strike, she suffered a sort of "school withdrawal" as she has an emergency box in case of a teacher strike. She begins to panic when she can only think of two synonyms to the word "stop". She constantly wants people to "grade her" as Marge gave her an "A" just to make her stop whining, and invents a perpetual motion machine that Homer describes that it just "keeps going faster and faster". He goes on to chastise her, saying, "In this house, we obey the laws of thermodynamics!" [10] Like the rest of her paternal family she can pick up language fairly quickly, she was able to learn fluent Italian from Milhouse in a fairly short amount of time.


Lisa's political convictions are generally leftist and rather liberal. She is a vegetarian, and a supporter of the Free Tibet movement. Lisa yells "Free Tibet!" after winning the school spelling bee. She, like her mom, supported Democrat Mary Bailey over Right-Winged Mr. Burns; the duo revealed that Mr. Burns was a liar and Mary Bailey wins in a landslide, the only known supporters being Waylon Smithers, Bart, and Homer. While still supportive of the Christian church she was raised in, Lisa is now a practicing Buddhist following her decision to follow the Noble Eightfold Path.[11] Though apparently not an adherent, she mentions that she considers Wicca "very empowering".[12]


Lisa turned vegetarian due to ethical reasons.[4] This was also hinted in a flash forward in which we see Lisa as a vegetarian in the future.[13] On Paul McCartney's demand, she has stayed vegetarian still. According to the episode, "The Real Housewives of Fat Tony," Lisa occasionally has trouble adhering to the lifestyle, and has been shown eating things such as gummy candy and marshmallows which are made from animal marrow. She also finds the foods to taste bland, she is desperate enough for tasty vegetarian foods she would force her brother to find highly valuable truffles so she could eat them instead of selling them for a lot of money.


Lisa sax

Her musical abilities are extensive: she sings with a powerful voice (she once entered a singing competition and won) and has been seen playing the acoustic six-string,[14] electric bass guitar, accordion and piano proficiently. But her great love is playing jazz on her baritone saxophone. Her musical inclinations were nurtured by her relationship with the late jazz musician Bleeding Gums Murphy. She most likely inherited her musical ability from Homer, who is also musically inclined. She can also play the trumpet.


Lisa has blonde hair styled in the shape of a starfish and bluish-grey or greyish-blue eyes and wears a white pearl necklace, a sleeveless and strapless red dress, white panties and red strapped Mary Jane shoes. During church meetings and other formal activities, she wears a short-sleeved pink dress with ribbons and bows, frilly white socks and a pink hat with a ribbon tied around it.

Independent Learning

She is fluent in Italian (learned from Milhouse Van Houten before going to Italy), as well as some French and German verbs (with the help of a German verb wheel [15]), as well as Spanish. In 'The Great Simpsini' she studied under the great Raymondo to become a skilled magician.

Romantic Relationships


Lisa had a dream crush is a heartthrob from local teen magazines, Corey Masterson.

Langdon Alger

Lisa admitted to Homer that she liked a boy from school, Langdon Alger, but later decided she didn't like him anymore.


Before the Trappuccino incident, Lisa fell in love with an Irish environmental boy named Colin. He can play the piano, guitar, trumpet, drums and bass guitar. Lisa tells Marge that the best part about him is that he's not imaginary and Marge says back that the most important thing is that he listens to Lisa.

Nelson Muntz

Lisa and Nelson

Lisa's first boyfriend is a less-than-stellar schoolmate, Nelson Muntz. Lisa once had a crush on him after she found herself strangely attracted to his grungy lifestyle enough to ask him out. After Nelson lied to Lisa about something, she decided to break up with him. However, since then their romantic relationship has been referred to several times throughout the series, most notably in the Season 22 episode, Loan-a Lisa, in which Lisa invests in Nelson's business venture. The episode ends with Nelson taking Lisa rollerblading and the pair holding hands, hinting at a possible future romance. It is shown in The Spy Who Learned Me that Lisa still has feelings for Nelson.

Luke Stetson

Luke Stetson[16] was also an object of Lisa's affection; it was short-lived after Lisa misled Luke's sister to a dance.

Ralph Wiggum

Ralph Wiggum once had a crush on Lisa after Lisa sent him a Valentine's Day card when nobody else would, Ralph gave her tickets to the 25th anniversary Krusty the Clown Show, but his heart was broken after Lisa admitted on TV that she was not in love with him. They're now currently just friends.

Milhouse Van Houten

Of all the boys Lisa encountered, the most desperate and most prominent one was Milhouse Van Houten, who always makes attempts to win Lisa's heart. On one occasion, in order to go on a school trip to Italy, Lisa was forced to learn Italian from Milhouse, who has been to Italy countless times. This nearly caused Lisa to develop a crush on him, until she finds out that Milhouse is with another girl,[17] prompting her to chase Milhouse angrily with an olive branch. Also in the episode "Homer Scissorhands" Lisa is so frustrated she kisses Milhouse. Lisa once tried to bring him to a school dance, but finds out that he's been taken.[18] When Milhouse's parents were reported lost at sea and Milhouse became a loner, Lisa and several other girls became attracted to his new personality. In Lisa's Wedding, it is hinted that she may have lost her virginity to Milhouse. While picking out a wedding dress she asks if "is white still okay", to which Marge replies, "Milhouse doesn't count!" to which they both laugh. In Holidays of Future Passed, Lisa finally marries Milhouse.


Lisa's relationship with her father is labored. The two occasionally got into arguments,[4][19][20] though they also have had moments where they really connect.[21][22][23] Their relationship has usually been one where Homer ignores Lisa, and Lisa avoids Homer. Being siblings, Lisa and her brother Bart constantly get into brawls, one time after Bart destroys Lisa's centerpiece for Thanksgiving.[24] The two once competed against each other in hockey and tried to win over Homer's love.[25] However, the two have teamed up together many times, and they genuinely love each other. This is shown when the two were placed in the third grade in the same class (Lisa was moved up from Second Grade and Bart was moved down). The two got lost in a field trip in Capital City, forcing them to work together to survive.[26] When Milhouse temporarily left Springfield, Bart spent more time with Lisa and the two developed a stronger bond.[27] When Milhouse returned, Bart tried to keep their new bond intact by promising to do her chores and giving her a hug. In one episode, Lisa almost tells two college girls that she thinks Bart is cute, but takes back the statement after remembering that she is talking about her brother. While Bart and Lisa have had their share of rivalry, Lisa has been shown to be less than a good sister to him on several occasions, such as boasting about how she and Maggie have a sisterly bond that Bart will never have (due to not having a brother of his own),[28] leaving him in a chasm instead when he needed medical attention after the bullies chased him,[29] treating Bart poorly at the school's medieval festival and blaming him for a prank he didn't commit,[30] and kicking him to the ground twice in Season 21.[31][32] Despite treating Bart poorly on several occasions, she has shown several times that she really does care about him and his wellbeing.[33] She often gives Bart advice when he needs it and will help him with any situation he's put in.[34][35][36] Also, as a baby her first word was "Bart" after hearing it so many times.

Other relationships

(See Simpson family) A glee club dancing girl.

Non Canon Appearances

Ssi 5 The contents of this article or section are considered to be non-canon and therefore may not have actually happened/existed.


Lisa and hugh

Due to the shows floating timeline, there is no definite future for Lisa and has been shown to have several different possible futures in various episodes.

Lisa's future as with the rest of the series follows no defined pattern and changes depending on the episode. At the age of 12, Lisa is saved from a house fire by Milhouse, which she later discovers was caused by him. At age 16, she is graduating from Springfield High School two years early and is about to go to Yale on a scholarship provided by Mr. Burns. She is dating Milhouse whom she dumps after prom. She becomes furious at Bart for taking her Yale scholarship. She gets back together with Milhouse but Bart saves her and gives her back her scholarship. At age 21, Lisa rejects Milhouse's offer to marry him saying she doesn't intend to ever get married. At age 23, Lisa is at Yale and falls in love with a British man named Hugh Parkfield who she then is about to marry. She is embarrassed by her family and Hugh wants to take her back to England because he hates her family. Lisa dumps him since she would rather have her family. At the age of 30, with Bart needing a digestive tract transplant, she tries to solve the mystery of 'fish logs'. She asks townspeople who tell her the story which takes place when she was still 8. She then finds out that fish logs brought Bart into the hospital in the first place. At age 38, Lisa becomes the first straight female President of the United States of America. The country is broke and is forced to bring a tax hike but things get worse when Bart interrupts everything. The leaders of the other countries are about to beat her until Bart saves her. To make it up to him, she legalizes the use of cannabis. In her 60s, Lisa is married to Milhouse. She wants to take a poetry class but they are broke and Milhouse spent all the money on the electricity, which wasn't enough (though this future was prevented by Bart.) Lisa has also imagined herself married to Ralph Wiggum in the future. It has also been thought that she will become president, though this is not confirmed. Lisa stated in The Front that she wanted to change her name to Louise Sanborn, due to being ashamed of her roots.

In "Holidays of Future Passed", Lisa is married to Milhouse, and has a rebellious teenage daughter named Zia. However, she is apparently unhappy in her marriage, as she is seen frowning when they are together, and she even apparently has an affair with Nelson Muntz.

Lisa the simpson
Lisa simpson in hammock

In "Lisa the Simpson", a short clip of an obese Lisa inside a hammock with 8 children who continuously poke her with a stick. A grown up Ralph then comes in from his hot dog vending job and Lisa gets one of the kids to pry her out of the hammock with an oar.

Video Games

The Simpsons Road Rage

In "The Simpsons Road Rage", Lisa drives the Elec-Taurus car and is one of the default characters. You may also pick her up off the streets when not playing as her.

The Simpsons Hit & Run

Lisa is playable in the third level of "The Simpsons: Hit and Run" as she looks for Bart after his disappearance. However, she makes an appearance in the first level in Springfield Elementary School, where Homer has to give her the science project she forgot. By the time the seventh level has come around, Lisa is back in the Simpson house, and tells her father to go out and stock up on supplies. However, by the fourth mission, Lisa is back at the school, where she suggests that Homer goes to Mr Burns to buy nuclear waste, which is the aliens’ weakness. When characters use the Malibu Stacy car or the Electaurus in levels four, five and six Lisa appears in the car.

The Simpsons Game

In "The Simpsons Game", Lisa's powers are playing her saxophone to stun enemies, which is upgraded to force enemies to attack each other. She can also use the "Hand of Buddha" to pick up and drop big things telekinetically. This power is later upgraded, enabling her to attack with lightning and ice as well. She is the third character to unlock, in Lisa the Tree Hugger, after Homer and Bart and before Marge who carries Maggie around on her back.

Behind the Laughter


Matt Groening first conceived the Simpson family in the lobby of James L. Brooks' office. He had been called in to pitch a series of animated shorts, and had intended to present his Life in Hell series. When he realized that animating Life in Hell would require him to rescind publication rights for his life's work, Groening decided to go in another direction.[37] He hurriedly sketched out his version of a dysfunctional family, and named the characters after various members of his own family, and Lisa is the name of one of his sisters.[37] Lisa then made her debut with the rest of the Simpsons clan on 19 April 1987 in the Tracey Ullman short "Good Night".[38] Nancy Cartwright, originally auditioned for the role of Lisa, but was soon told that her voice would be better suited voicing Bart.[39] Yeardley Smith had initially been asked to audition for the role of Bart but casting director Bonita Pietila believed her voice was too high, so Smith was given the role of Lisa instead. In order to perform the voice, Smith lifts her voice up a little.[40]


In the Tracey Ullman Show shorts, Lisa was more of a "female Bart" and was as equally mischievous as her brother.[41] As the series progressed, Lisa began to develop into a more intelligent and more emotional character with "Krusty Gets Busted" being one of the first episodes where her true intelligence is fully shown.[42] Many episodes focusing on Lisa have an emotional nature, the first one being "Moaning Lisa". The idea for the episode was pitched by James L. Brooks, who had wanted to do an emotional episode where Lisa is sad because the show had done a lot of "jokey episodes".[43]

For a long time, Lisa's saxophone solos were provided by jazz baritone saxophonist Terry Harrington.

Cultural influence

In 2001 Lisa received a special "Board of Directors Ongoing Commitment Award" at the Environmental Media Awards.[44] "Lisa the Vegetarian", an episode from the seventh season, won both an Environmental Media Award for "Best Television Episodic Comedy"[45] and a Genesis Award for "Best Television Comedy Series, Ongoing Commitment".[46] Lisa was also listed at number 11 in TV Guide's "Top 50 Greatest Cartoon Characters of All Time."[47] In Japan, the broadcasters of the series found they were able to turn the apparent viewer dislike of the series around by focusing marketing attention on Lisa. Lisa's well-intended but ill-fated struggles to be a voice of reason and a force of good in her family and city struck a chord with the Japanese.


  • According to Milhouse, Lisa's eyes are said to be gray. However, according to Spud in "Bart Carny", Lisa's eyes are said to be blue. Although he might not be able to tell the difference between blue and gray. Her eyes could also be "smokey" blue, making them look grayish under certain light.
  • Although she is always desperate for a boy, she never seems to remember that she has been in a relationship with Colin and several others.
  • Her romantic relationship with Nelson has been mentioned or referred to throughout the series, evident in "Lisa's Date with Density", "Love, Springfieldian Style", "Simpsons Tall Tales," "Sleeping with the Enemy" and "Wild Barts Can't Be Broken".
  • She speaks Italian, with the help of Milhouse. She also seems to understand and know Swedish in a certain degree, as seen when Professor Frink won the Nobel Prize in Treehouse of Horror XIV, however this is only a non-canon source.
  • Her IQ is different in several episodes. It is 156 ("Homer's Enemy"), 159 ("Smart and Smarter"), 167 ("They Saved Lisa's Brain").
  • Lisa is a member of Mensa and PETA.
  • In "To Surveil With Love", she dyed her hair brown to prove that the judges were biased against blondes.
  • In the "My Sister, My Sitter" episode it is stated that Lisa is 2 years and 38 days younger than Bart. Bart was born on April 1, so Lisa's birthday would fall on May 9, which is the same as James L. Brooks.
  • Her email is revealed in "The President Wore Pearls" to be smartgirl63_\
  • Not many realized that Lisa still wears her braces, since it was created almost invisible by Calvin Klein. Lisa's invisible braces seem nonexistent in the episode Home Sweet Homediddly-Dum-Doodily as she was seen losing a baby tooth in that episode. Coincidentally, these episodes are more than 2 seasons apart from each other.
  • Lisa was the first identified Simpson in the series, being the only character who's name is mentioned in Good Night.
  • In Lisa's Wedding, it is hinted that she may have lost her virginity to Milhouse. While picking out a wedding dress she asks if "white is still okay", to which Marge replies "Milhouse doesn't count!" to which they both laugh.
  • In Treehouse of Horror XX, it is revealed that her godmother is Helen Lovejoy.
  • In Holidays of Future Passed, Lisa is shown with three different women, holding their hands. As she also has canon relationships with men, this indicates that she's bisexual.
  • In Holidays of Future Passed, Lisa is shown to not be happy in her marriage with Milhouse, asking Bart, "Should I have married Nelson? Cause we still talk," while drinking, indicating that they had an affair with each other.
  • Lisa is allergic to pollen, especially from plants in Cypress Creek.
  • Lisa once became an insectivorian.
  • Up until she became a vegetarian, fried shrimp was implied as her favorite food.[48] [49]
  • Lisa is 4'3" and weighs 65 pounds.
  • Lisa is the only Simpson kid to appear in every episode.
  • Lisa is the only Simpson without a hint of blue in her appearance. Homer's pants, Marge's hair, Bart's shorts and shoes and Maggie's clothing.
  • A running theme in some episodes centered on Lisa is that Lisa becomes jealous or envious of people who have been able to upstage her on the levels of intelligence or skills resulting in anti social behavior. A notable example of jealousy would be in "Smart and Smarter" where Lisa tried to teach Maggie the wrong answer when it's revealed that Maggie is more intelligent than her then she chose to run away from home when she feared that there is nothing to benefit from not being the smartest in the family. A notable example of her being envious would be in "Jazzy and the Pussycats" where she felt cheated and believed that Bart shouldn't have his fame and popularity because of his drumming skills after he upstages her and becomes a celebrity at a jazz concert.
  • Along with Marge, Lisa was present in every episode, but only had a non-speaking role in 1 episode.


As one of the five major title characters of the series, Lisa appears in every episode, as well as The Simpsons Movie.


External links


  1. "Girls Just Want To Have Sums"
  2. "The Dad Who Knew Too Little"
  3. Lisa Gets an "A"
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Lisa the Vegetarian
  5. Bart Star
  6. Lost Our Lisa
  7. Smoke on the Daughter
  8. Bart Star
  9. Homer's Enemy
  10. The PTA Disbands
  11. She of Little Faith
  12. Rednecks and Broomsticks
  13. Lisa's Wedding
  14. Last Exit to Springfield
  15. The Canine Mutiny
  16. Dude, Where's My Ranch?
  17. The Last of the Red Hat Mamas
  18. Lard of the Dance
  19. Lisa's Substitute
  20. Lisa's Pony
  21. Lisa's First Word
  22. Make Room for Lisa
  23. Summer of 4 Ft. 2
  24. Bart vs. Thanksgiving
  25. Lisa on Ice
  26. Bart vs. Lisa vs. the Third Grade
  27. Milhouse Doesn't Live Here Anymore
  28. O Brother, Where Bart Thou?
  29. Homer vs. Patty and Selma
  30. The Father, the Son and the Holy Guest Star
  31. The Great Wife Hope
  32. The Greatest Story Ever D'ohed
  33. The Boys of Bummer
  34. Special Edna
  35. A Test Before Trying
  36. Dark Knight Court
  37. 37.0 37.1 BBC. (2000). 'The Simpsons': America's First Family (6 minute edit for the season 1 DVD) (DVD). UK: 20th Century Fox.
  38. Richmond, Ray; Antonia Coffman (1997). The Simpsons: A Complete Guide to our Favorite Family. Harper Collins Publishers, pg. 14. ISBN 0-00-638898-1
  39. Bart's voice tells all. BBC News (2000-11-10). Retrieved on 2007-05-16.
  40. Charles Miranda. "She who laughs last", The Daily Telegraph,, p. 8E. Retrieved on 2008-02-09. 
  41. Mirkin, David. (2004). The Simpsons season 5 DVD commentary for the episode "Boy-Scoutz 'n the Hood" [DVD]. 20th Century Fox.
  42. Reiss, Mike. (2001). The Simpsons season 1 DVD commentary for the episode "Krusty Gets Busted" [DVD]. 20th Century Fox.
  43. Reiss, Mike. (2001). The Simpsons season 1 DVD commentary for the episode "Moaning Lisa" [DVD]. 20th Century Fox.
  44. W. Reed Moran. "Lisa Simpson animates environmental awards", USA Today,. Retrieved on 2007-10-17. 
  45. "Awards for "The Simpsons"", Internet Movie Database{{{date}}}. Retrieved on 2007-10-17. 
  46. "1995 Genesis Awards",{{{date}}}. Retrieved on 2007-10-21. 
  47. CNN - TV Guide's 50 Greatest Cartoon Characters
Characters voiced by Yeardley Smith
Lisa Simpson | Maggie Simpson | Lisa, Jr.

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